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Chartres » BM » MS 47 (40)

Library Place Chartres
Library Name BM
Shelfmark MS 47 (40)
Folio Range 1st C.U. (69 fols)
Date X
  • Brittany (?)
  • Redon (?)
  • Rennes (?)
  • Western Francia (?)

Saint-Père-en-Vallée (near Chartres)

  • Various prayers (1-2)
  • Antiphonale Missarum Sancti Gregorii (3r-69v)
  • Ordo in consecratione chrismatis (70-85 = 2nd C.U., added in the 12th century, probably at Chartres).
Old Breton Materials No
Irish / Hiberno-Latin materials No
Connection with Brittany

This MS, destroyed in 1944, contains a copy of the Gregorian Antiphonary. The great importance of this MS is due to its omnipresent neumatic notation, which has been studied extensively (cf. Hiley 1992 for a good overview), and which, in the opinion of Benoît-Castelli and Huglo (1954), allows to place the writing of Chartres 47 in the region of Rennes (although a tentative association with the area of Redon is proposed in Orchard 2002: 127). Moreover, according to Huglo (1963: 66–8), this MS was written in the same scriptorium from which the fragment of a gradual preserved in Valenciennes, BM, 407 also originated. Deuffic (2011: 72–3; ILLB In 30, pp. 93–4, n. 19) explains the Chartres provenance of this MS in the context of the documented links between Chartres, Fleury and Brittany in the tenth and eleventh centuries. However, more recently, Rankin has expressed more cautious views on the place of origin of this MS; thus, for example, in Rankin 2018: 169 (cf. also the list on p. 101), the author states that Chartres 47 was written 'somewhere in western/central France circa 900' (cf. also Rankin 2018: 99, n. 75), in spite of its prominently 'Breton' notation, for whose definition see Rankin 2018: 95–102, and esp. p. 99: 'It is difficult to associate this script with an area defined more narrowly than western Francia: after the ninth century the use of this script became restricted to Brittany, but during the ninth century it was written much more widely. [...] secure information about exactly where this script was being written in the ninth century is difficult to find. Nevertheless, the extremely pronounced geographical spread of the extant early examples suggests that this should not be treated simply as a 'regional' script, at least not in the ninth and early tenth centuries.' As a consequence, Chartres 47 might have been written in a Breton scriptorium, but there does not seem to be any sure proof of that as yet.

Number(s) in Bischoff's Katalog n/a
Essential bibliography

A la recherche des manuscrits de Chartres; Benoît-Castelli and Huglo 1954; _CCfr; CGM 11: 23–4; Deuffic 2011: 72–3; Hiley 1992; Huglo 1963: 54, 66–8; Huglo 1981: 13, 19, 26, 29, 49; ILLB In30; Ménager 1912; Orchard 2002: 127; PMSB 297 (§23); Rankin 2018: passim (esp. p. 99, n. 76; p. 169).

URLs for digital facsimile
Last Updated 2021-06-10 17:09:46
Author Jacopo Bisagni
DHBM Identifier #42
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