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Oxford » Bodleian Library » MS Auct. D.2.16 (S.C. 2719)

Library Place Oxford
Library Name Bodleian Library
Shelfmark MS Auct. D.2.16 (S.C. 2719)
Folio Range Whole MS (198 fols)
Date X 1/2
  • Brittany
  • Landévennec


  • Eleventh-century Anglo-Saxon additions (1r-2v, 6v, 8r-14r)
  • Jerome, Preface to the four Gospels (16r-17v)
  • Eusebius, Letter to Carpianus (17v-18v)
  • Jerome, Letter to Pope Damasus (18v-20r)
  • Preface and capitula to Matthew's Gospel (20r-22r)
  • Ailerán, Poem on the Gospel canons, inc. Quam in primo speciosa quadriga (22v)
  • Canon tables (23r-28r)
  • Portrait of Saint Matthew (28v)
  • Gospel of Matthew (with added neumes at fols 29r-30r) (29r-69r)
  • Gospel of Mark, preceded by capitula and preface, and with portraits of Mark at fols 71v and 72v (added) (69v-98r)
  • Gospel of Luke, preceded by capitula and preface, and with a portrait of Luke at fol. 102v (98r-144r)
  • Gospel of John, preceded by preface and capitula, with an added portrait of John at fol. 146r (144r-178r)
  • Capitulare (178r-190r)
  • Jerome, Letter to Pope Damasus (190r-v)
  • Instruction concerning the canon tables, titled De Xmo canonae (190v).
Old Breton Materials No
Irish / Hiberno-Latin materials Yes
Connection with Brittany

This MS belongs to the so-called 'Landévennec group' of Gospel-books (for this concept, cf. the entry for New York, Public Library, MS De Ricci 115, i.e. the so-called 'Harkness Gospels'). It is also known as 'Leofric Gospels' (not to be confused with the so-called 'Leofric Missal', i.e. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Bodley 579), as it was in the possession of the Anglo-Saxon bishop Leofric, at Exeter, in the late eleventh century (Deuffic 1985a: 270), as shown by additions written on fols 1r–2v, 6v, and 8r–14r (Ker 1957: 351); moreover, Temple (1976: 78) argued that a liturgical list in Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Bodley 155 (dated to the early eleventh century) may have been copied from this manuscript. The attribution to Landévennec is based on the mention of the three feast-days associated with Saint Winwaloe (3 March, 28 April, 13 May) in the Capitulare at fols 178r–190r; the same mentions occur also in the 'Harkness Gospels', and this is probably not a coincidence, given that these two Gospel-books are close to each other also from the textual point of view (cf. Chalker 1937: 210–4). However, the occurrence of the orthography Guingualoi (rather than earlier Uuinualoi) in the entry for 13 May in the Oxford Gospel-book (fol. 183v) suggests that this MS is somewhat later than the codex now in New York (as pointed out in Deuffic 1985a: 268). It is also worth pointing out that, as has been shown by Barbet-Massin (2013: 370), a copy of the poem on the Gospel canons attributed to the Irish exegete Ailerán (inc. Quam in primo speciosa quadriga . homo leo uitulus et aquila) occurs at fol. 22v.

Number(s) in Bischoff's Katalog n/a
Essential bibliography

Alexander 1985; ASM 423–4 (§530); Barbet-Massin 2013: 370, 444; Besseyre 2008: 12; Chalker 1937; Crozet 1958: 184–5; Deuffic 1985a: 268–70; Deuffic 1985c: 26, 29, 30; EBGB 14, 17; Fleuriot 1983: 104; Guillotel 1985: 12, 23; ILLB Q229 (p. 219–21); Ker 1957: 351 (§291); Kerlouégan 1982b: 317; Kitzinger 2013b: 36–7; L&S §965; Lapidge 2005: 139; Lebecq 2020: 94; Lemoine 1994b; Lemoine 2004: 157–64; Lemoine 2005: 16–19; Lemoine 2008: 192–3, 198; McGurk 1987: 165 (n. 2); MMOL; OHLP 229, 232, 257; Pächt and Alexander 1966–73: I, §427; PMSB 306–7 (§65); Smith 1992: 175 (n. 120); Temple 1976: 78; Wikipedia.

URLs for digital facsimile
Last Updated 2021-06-12 09:33:36
Author Jacopo Bisagni
DHBM Identifier #110
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