Skip to content

Rome (Città del Vaticano) » Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana » MS

Library Place Rome (Città del Vaticano)
Library Name Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
Shelfmark MS
Folio Range 4th C.U. (fols 125-179)
Date X
  • Brittany (?)
  • Western Francia (?)
  • Loire Valley (?)
  • Fleury (?)


  • Aethicus Ister, Cosmographia (125r-164v)
  • Glossaries, or more precisely Hermeneumata dealing with several kinds of objects, especially plants and herbs, minerals, pigments, etc., with an emphasis on lexemes of Greek origin (165r-178v)
  • Empty folio (179r)
  • Various annotations and one line of verse with neumes (179v).
Old Breton Materials No
Irish / Hiberno-Latin materials Yes
Connection with Brittany
Notes is a miscellaneous codex containing several codicological units of different date and origin, but mostly dealing with cosmology, geography and computus, and 'bound up at an early date' (as pointed out in LF p. 279): the unit in question here is the fourth (fols 125–179), or possibly the fourth and the fifth according to Mostert, who treats fols 125–164 and 165–179 as distinct units (with a dating 's. X' for the former and 's. X/XI' for the latter; cf. LF BF1485 and 1486). Bischoff (Kat., vol. III, p. 439) did not commit to any geographical attribution, and the relevant entry in his Katalog only offers a broad tenth-century dating for fols 125–164. While neither Bischoff nor Mostert hint at a possible Breton origin of this section of, Deuffic (PMSB 318, §113) drew attention to Grosjean's suggestion that fols 125r–136v of the (Hiberno-Latin?) Cosmographia of Aethicus Ister were penned by the same hand that also wrote Rome (Città del Vaticano), BAV,, i.e. the only extant copy of recension A of the Hisperica Famina (and not, as erroneously indicated by Deuffic): moreover, this scribe may be no other than the elusive Liosmonocus (about whom see the entry for in the present Handlist), who was active in Brittany and/or at Fleury during the ninth century (cf. Grosjean 1956: 38–40). Clearly, a complete reassessment of all the MSS and texts possibly associated with Liosmonocus is a major desideratum (this should include an evaluation of the script of the glossaries occurring at fols 165r–178v of, two of which can also be found in Bern, Burgerbibliothek, 337, possibly written at Fleury; cf. Carey 1923: 135; LF BF159 and BF1486).

It is also worth noting that the third codicological unit of (fols 87–124), possibly written in the Loire Valley or at Saint-Denis, contains at fols 87r–99v a copy of the Irish computistical tract De ratione conputandi (cf. Ó Cróinín 1988: 107–9). Moreover, among the various computistical texts that occur within the same codicological unit, we can find (fols 119r-v) a copy of a lunar argumentum of possible Breton origin, containing the 'Hisperic' phrase tithis turgescentis dodrantem (on which see Bisagni 2013–14; Bisagni 2017). For some notes on the lexicographical materials contained in this codicological unit, see Cinato 2020: 263 (esp. n. 48).

Number(s) in Bischoff's Katalog No number; vol. III, 439
Essential bibliography

Carey 1923: 134–5; Cinato 2020: 263; Grosjean 1956: 39; LF BF1485 and BF1486; Ó Cróinín 1988: 107–9; PMSB 318 (§113).

URLs for digital facsimile
Last Updated 2021-05-27 13:21:13
Author Jacopo Bisagni
DHBM Identifier #201
« Previous MSS

Rome (Città del Vaticano) » Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana » MS

Next MSS »

Rome (Città del Vaticano) » Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana » MS