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Bern » Burgerbibliothek » MS 160

Library Place Bern
Library Name Burgerbibliothek
Shelfmark MS 160
Folio Range Whole MS (158 fols)
Date XII in.
  • Brittany (?)
  • Normandy (?)
  • Loire Valley (?)
  • Fleury (?)


  • Orosius, Historiae adversus paganos(1r-86r)
  • Justinus's epitome of Pompeius Trogus, Historiae (87r-157v).
Old Breton Materials Yes
Irish / Hiberno-Latin materials No
Connection with Brittany

This MS, which contains a single Old Breton gloss at fol. 4r (tricorihoc 'triangular', gl. Lat. trigona, cf. DGVB 320), was written as late as the early twelfth century, thereby exceeding the chronological boundaries of the present hand-list; however, Fleuriot (DGVB 7) stated that 'ce ms semble recopié sur un ms plus ancien.' Mostert (LF BF089) reports the opinions of various scholars who have suggest several possible areas of origin: Fleury, Normandy or Brittany. In any case, it is worth recalling that several MSS with Breton affiliations preserve copies of Orosius's Historiae, often designated by the Celtic-Latin title De Ormesta Mundi: many of these MSS contain Old Breton glosses (for more details, see the entries for Paris, BnF, Lat. 17543; Rome (Città del Vaticano), BAV,,, and; Venice, Bibl. Marciana, Zanetti lat. 349) and are occasionally associated to Irish features (cf. Lambert 2018: 27). Thus, even if Bern 160 was perhaps not written in Brittany, it is nevertheless probable that its contents derived from an earlier Breton exemplar containing at least one vernacular gloss (cf. Lambert 1988: 214). According to Arnaud-Lindet (1990: lxxiv), this MS was copied from Rome (Città del Vaticano), BAV,

Number(s) in Bischoff's Katalog n/a
Essential bibliography

Arnaud-Lindet 1990: lxxiv; Bauer 2008: 65; DGVB 7; Hagen 1875: 231; Lambert 1988: 213–4; Lambert 2018: 27; Lemoine 1985: 291; LF BF089; PMSB 294 (§11); Simpson (McKee) 1994: 115; Smith 1992: 171 (n. 100).

URLs for digital facsimile
Last Updated 2021-06-07 14:27:15
Author Jacopo Bisagni
DHBM Identifier #19
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