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Bern » Burgerbibliothek » MS 441

Library Place Bern
Library Name Burgerbibliothek
Shelfmark MS 441
Folio Range Whole MS (16 fols = 2 quires)
Date X (after AD 909)
  • Loire Valley

Saint-Maixent of Poitiers

  • Tetragonus subiectus and other prognostics, partially erased and with anathema (1r)
  • Various computistica with regulares, concurrentes, termini paschales etc. (1v-2r)
  • Calendar (2v-14v)
  • Paschal argumentum, inc. Notum sit omnibus hominibus ut quicunque aduentum Domini ueratiter celebrare uult (14v)
  • Computistical poem None aprilis norunt quinos (14v-15r)
  • Lunar prognostic De diuersis causis probatio per lunam (15r-16r)
  • Prayer, inc. Omnipotens sempiterne Deus iudex iustus et misericors (16v)
  • Second copy of the paschal argumentum also copied at fol. 14v (16v)
  • Argumentum for the concurrentes (16v).
Old Breton Materials No
Irish / Hiberno-Latin materials No
Connection with Brittany

For the dating after AD 909, cf. Morin 1931: 78. There is no evidence to suggest that this MS was written in Brittany. The script rather points to a centre somewhere in Northern (or North-Western) Francia (perhaps in the Loire Valley?), and to a date of writing in the late tenth century, perhaps close to AD 1000. However, in addition to numerous saints associated with Poitiers, Tours, Bourges, Limoges and Orléans, the calendar that occupies fols 2v–14v also contains the names of many Breton saints, such as: sancti Gildasii confessoris (January 29), depositio sancti Uuingualoei abbatis (March 3), natalis [...] sancti Corentini episcopi (May 1), sanctorum Donatiani et Rogatiani (May 24), translatio sancti Benedicti abbatis et sancti Machuti<s> (July 11), sancti Sansonis episcopi (July 28), Sansoni episcopi (September 28), Turonis sancti Uedasti et sancti Melanii episcopi (October 11), sancti Melanii episcopi (November 6), sancti Macutis episcopi (November 15) (for a more exhaustive list, cf. Morin 1931: 80, 84–93; note also the mention of sancti Fursei at January 16 and February 9). The simultaneous presence of saints associated with Brittany and with the Poitou is due, according to Morin (1931: 80–2), to the complex journey of the relics of Maixent (Maxentius), a late fifth- / early sixth-century saint whose body was translated from Poitiers to Plélan (a daughter-house of Redon) in the ninth century.

Number(s) in Bischoff's Katalog No number; vol. I, p. 128
Essential bibliography

Borst 2001: I, p. liii; Borst 2004: 141–3; Deuffic 2008: 116; Hagen 1875: 384–5; LF BF189; Morin 1931; The Calendar and the Cloister.

URLs for digital facsimile
Last Updated 2021-05-13 15:14:23
Author Jacopo Bisagni
DHBM Identifier #25
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